White Cement – Manufacture, Properties and Uses.

White Cement – Manufacture, Properties and Uses.
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White cement is same as that of grey Portland cement but the only differ is in the colour and fineness. This colour of this cement is determined by its raw materials and the process of manufacture. In this article we study about manufacture, properties, uses and difference of white cement.

Manufacture of White Cement

The manufacturing process of white cement is same as that of grey cement, but the selection of raw material is an important part in the manufacturing process. The oxides of chromium, manganese, iron, copper, vanadium, nickel and titanium imparts the grey colour to the cement. In white cement manufacture, these raw materials are kept to least percentage.

Limestone and clay is used as a prominent raw material for the manufacture of white cement. The manufacture process are same as that of OPC cement, the only differences are the heat required for the burning of raw material is more and fineness is more.

Concrete made of White cement.
Fig 1: Concrete made of White cement.

Following Raw material are used to make white cement

  1. Lime Stone -High Carbonate & Low Iron.
  2. Clay – High Alumina and Low Iron
  3. Oil / Pet Coke / Rubber
  4. Gypsum / Salenile

Properties of White Cement

Table 1: Properties of white cement and their values.

Properties Value
Fineness 395 m2/kg
Setting Time 100 min
Compressive Strength
1 day 21 MPa
2 day 38 MPa
7 day 61 MPa
28 day 74 MPa
Compact Density 3150 kg/m3
Bulk Density 1100 kg/m3
Brightness 87%

Uses of White Cement

  1. Used for prestige construction projects and decorative works.
  2. Used for coloured concrete with the use of inorganic pigments to produce brightly coloured concretes and mortars.
  3. Due to its whiteness, it finds its application in architectural beauty, interior and exterior decorations, floorings, ornamental concrete products such as idols while grey cement is mostly used for construction purposes.
  4. Used in roads due the property of high reflectiveness to add visibility to highway medians.
  5. White cement is also used in a high amount for manufacturing precast members. Beautiful precast members are made utilising the white Portland cement.
  6. They are also used widely for making cast stones of appealing appearance.
  7. White cement is comparatively a costly cement type and is, therefore, used only selectively.
Building constructed using white cement.
Fig 2: Building constructed using white cement.

Differences between White Cement and Grey Cement

Table 2: Difference between grey and white cement.

Properties Grey Cement White Cement
Raw Materials Raw materials contain a high amount of Iron Oxide and Manganese Oxide. Raw materials contain a very little amount of Iron Oxide and Manganese Oxide.
Fineness Usually less fine than white cement. Usually finer than gray cement.
Kiln Fuel Coal, petroleum coke, fuel oil, natural gas. Oil is used to avoid contamination by coal ash.
Energy Consumption Low. High.
Cost Less expensive. Expensive than gray cement.

 

Fasi Ur Rahman

Fasi is a Civil Engineer who works as an Engineer in Tumkur Smart City Project. He is the author, editor and partner at theconstructor.org



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