Ceramic tiles are commonly used flooring material for all
types of buildings such as residential, commercial or public buildings. Ceramic
tiles provide different properties and benefits which makes it mostly used flooring
material of different buildings. Ceramic tiles are available in various designs,
color, finishes which can be used to create unique wall and floor designs.
11 Properties of Ceramic Tiles Flooring for use in Buildings
1. High Strength
Ceramic floors are extremely strong. They have breaking
strength of about 350 to 400 kg/cm2, while mosaic floors have about
100 to 150 kg/cm2.
2. Stain Free
Ceramic floors are most easy to clean and maintain. It has
property of stain-free, alkali and acid resistance in normal use.
3. Scratch Resistance
Ceramic tiles have a very high abrasion resistance and their
hardness is about 6-7 on the Moh’s scale. This means that even hard materials
with sharp edges can’t leave much scratches on the surface.
4. Light Weight
Ceramic floors weigh one-third of mosaic and are just 7.5mm
thick. This makes it light weight and requires much thinner floor bedding than
mosaic flooring resulting in substantial cost saving.
5. Easy Washing
Ceramic floors have very low water absorption and are very
easy to clean. Ceramic floors being electrostatically neutral do not attract
dust while mosaic being electrostatically charged attracts dusts.
6. Bacteria Free
Ceramic floors are bacteria free as no bacteria can grow on
it. This is an excellent material for hospitals, operation theaters, industrial
kitchens, deep freeze godowns etc.
Ceramic tiles are very good insulators. Moreover, the specific
heat is about 0.12 and this improves the efficiency of air-conditioning
Ceramic tiles are fired at 1900oC and are highly
Ceramic tiles have a very high acoustic damping factor which
helps in elimination of echoes, ideal for auditoriums and big halls.
10. Easy to lay and ready to live-in
It is easy to lay and ready to live-in use in a matter of 48 hours after laying. This tile is available in many shades.
Ceramic tiles are salt glazed and are anti-slip and non-skid.